Rectal bleeding during pregnancy is generally a cause for panic in pregnant women, as it can be confused with spotting. Bleeding any type and may be due to any cause is a cause to worry in pregnant ladies. Once it is clear that the bleeding is from rectal and not vaginal it brings some relief to the mother. It will be further advisable to get yourself further examined by the caregiver who will need to examine you to make sure the bleeding isn’t caused by a more serious condition.
In 75% cases rectal bleeding is caused by a haemorrhoid, which is observed particularly in the last trimester and in the weeks after giving birth. Haemorrhoids are caused by excessive straining during a bowel movement, passing hard stool, or by friction when you wipe which may cause these swollen veins to bleed. Such bleeding caused by haemorrhoids usually stops on its own, particularly if you control your constipation and remove the cause. In severe cases you might have to undergo a minor surgery, which is generally avoided in pregnant ladies and is the last resort.
Anal fissures are another cause of rectal bleeding during pregnancy. These painful cracks in the skin of the anus may be caused by unduly stretching while passing hard stools as a result of constipation, which is common during pregnancy. Both haemorrhoids and anal fissures have one common reason, which is often brought about, and irritated by constipation, so controlling constipation on the whole will help.
This can be done by:
• Eating high-fibre rich foods such as cereals, whole-grain breads, fresh fruits and vegetables every day. Adding a couple of tablespoons of unprocessed wheat bran to your cereal in the morning and follow it in routine with a glass of water will help a lot.
• Drinking plenty of water — at least 10-12 glasses/ day. A glass of prune juice can also be of additional help.
• Pelvic exercise regularly, walking and yoga can all relieve constipation to a great extent.
• Regularise your bowels and urinals, don’t let them accumulates and follow the nature call.
• Always consult your doctor before taking any fibre supplement and it is wise to switch over to less iron after her prescription.
In addition follow some golden hands help for preventing and soothing haemorrhoid:
• Most popular concept to relieve and prevent haemorrhoids is to do Kegel exercises daily preferably early morning. In this tense the muscles around your vagina and anus and hold for eight to ten seconds before releasing and relaxing. Repeat 25 times. These contractions increase circulation in the rectal area and strengthen the muscles around the anus. They also strengthen and tone the muscles around the vagina and urethra, which aids in postpartum recovery.
• Sitz bath is another concept to relieve haemorrhoids. It can be done with hot or cold water in tub and sitting there in at least for 15min. Suit yourself with the temperature preferring it with cold, if not then room temp, if not then finally hot.
• Clean your area with splash of water and tap it with soft non scented toilet papers. You can use moist toilettes also.
• If required your doc is going to prescribe a medicated suppository.
Rectal bleeding during pregnancy can be a painful and distressful condition that should be handled with care. Expecting mothers should not panic about rectal bleeding during pregnancy as the problem can be taken care off with ease.